What fate awaits Lebanon? – Middle East Monitor


The Lebanese Saad Hariri finally apologized for not having formed the government until nine months after President Michel Aoun entrusted him with this mission. However, Aoun rejected the ministers proposed by Hariri, especially with regard to the selection of Christians, which the president considers his specialty.

Aoun also wants to keep a third party at his disposal, or to be more precise, under the control of Hezbollah, whom Aoun represents and obeys, in particular because the party has placed him in power. This is why Aoun can only follow the orders of the movement.

Nine months of maneuvering by Hariri and Aoun – the latter backed by his son-in-law Gebran Bassil, who controls the shadow country – have been less than useful as Lebanon bleeds due to the unprecedented economic crisis. The value of the currency has plummeted and fuel is scarce, forcing motorists to queue for hours at gas stations and people lining up for a loaf of bread.

In short, Lebanon has more or less collapsed, for which all branches of government must take responsibility. Unfortunately, no Lebanese official has ever shown a willingness to consider their own actions and admit their mistakes, despite the gravity of the situation.

Lebanon does not have a president ready to assess his actions after serving as the army commander in the 1980s. Nor did Hariri attempt to assess his own previous terms since he inherited the power of Lebanon. his father, Rafic, and carried on his corrupt legacy.

READ: How did Lebanon’s financial crisis come about?

The Hariri era spans over 30 years. It is considered to be one of the worst periods in the history of Lebanon, leading to the dire situation today, the repercussions of which make us wonder about the factors that created such a decline 100 years after its creation. of Greater Lebanon.

This was a temporary functional condition project; Lebanon was founded on an idea, but that idea missed something important. It lacked the pillars of a civil state that would treat all Lebanese citizens equally and dismantle sectarianism by ratifying a transparent constitution that openly mentions this point, in order to save the country from domination, control and destruction. the cruelty of Lebanese sects and religions. groups.

Supporters of Lebanese Prime Minister designate Saad Hariri, who resigned saying he was unable to form a government, threw stones at an (unseen) Lebanese armored personnel carrier in the capital Beirut on July 15, 2021. [AFP via Getty Images]

Colonial states created Lebanon from Greater Syria and divided the Levant into states based on the 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement between Britain and France. Lebanon came under French influence and was established on a sectarian basis encompassing eighteen religious communities. The intention was to keep the country plunged into internal strife and even civil war under the watchful eye of international intelligence agencies. Plots were plotted against Lebanon as regional maps were drawn and redrawn, while keeping Beirut under the control of foreign forces.

In general, Lebanon is governed by a balance of interests linked to sectarian and geographic domination. Tensions are usually eased through agreements in which no one wins or loses. The country’s official sponsor is ubiquitous, making Lebanon a major regional battleground rather than a country plagued by internal strife. This is where international and regional powers wage proxy warfare.

Each cult leader is linked in one way or another to a foreign country that covers his group; an insurance policy for his leadership. It reminds me of when the late Lebanese President Charles Helou greeted Lebanese journalists with the words: “Welcome to your second country, Lebanon!

The sectarian system in Lebanon is completely exhausted and can neither last nor produce a political elite capable of pulling the country out of recession. In addition, the country’s traditional function as a mediator has moved elsewhere, notably to the Gulf, where there are larger states. This has been revealed by the absence of any serious Arab and international response to what is happening in Lebanon. France and Saudi Arabia – the state’s Western and Arab incubators – left it to fight alone in a dark sea.

This, of course, reflects what is happening elsewhere in the Middle East-North Africa region. Lebanon’s current fate is just another chapter in a troubled regional history as the balance of power is concentrated elsewhere. What fate awaits Lebanon? Only time will tell, but the signs are not good.

READ: 15 years after the Second Lebanon War, Israel has failed to correct its military shortcomings

The opinions expressed in this article are the property of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.


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