Islamabad: The collapse of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and the Iran-Saudi dialogue could forge a new round of tensions for the two countries, said Dr. Hamid Reza Azizi, researcher at the German Institute of International Affairs and security.
Dr Azizi was delivering a speech at a webinar on ‘Saudi Arabia-Iran standoff over recent peace talks’ hosted here by the Institute for Area Studies (RIS). Dr. Azizi believed that to ensure a constructive peace, it was imperative that the JCPOA and the Iran-Saudi Arabia dialogue succeed. He was of the view that even if either country failed, the immediate consequence would be back-and-forth conflict. The Iranian-Saudi dialogue has the potential to minimize sectarianism not just in the region but across the region, he added. Reflecting on previous governments, he said every Iranian president has worked to mend ties with Saudi Arabia. However, he said, a policy of checks and balances was being implemented on the proxy battlefields of Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. In this regard, he observed that the national political system and competition among regional leaders were major factors in the ongoing rift between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Dr. Azizi stressed that Pakistan’s role was imperative in mediating the disputes between Saudi Arabia and Iran.