Today in History: Today is Tuesday, July 13, the 194th day of 2021.

By the associated press

The highlight of today’s story:

On July 13, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Thurgood Marshall to the post of Solicitor General of the United States; Marshall became the first black lawyer appointed to this post. (Two years later, Johnson appointed Marshall to the United States Supreme Court.)

To this date :

In 1787, the Congress of Confederation passed the Northwest Ordinance, which established government in the Northwest Territory, an area corresponding to present-day Midwest and Upper Midwest.

In 1863, deadly riots against Civil War military conscription broke out in New York City. (The insurrection was quelled three days later.)

In 1886 Father Edward Joseph Flanagan, founder of Boys Town, was born in County Roscommon, Ireland.

In 1939, Frank Sinatra made his first commercial recording, “From the Bottom of My Heart” and “Melancholy Mood”, with Harry James and his orchestra for the Brunswick label.

In 1972, George McGovern received the Democratic presidential nomination at the party convention in Miami Beach.

In 1973, former presidential aide Alexander P. Butterfield disclosed to members of the staff of the Watergate Senate committee about the existence of President Richard Nixon’s secret registration system in the White House. (Butterfield’s public reveal came three days later.)

In 1974, the Senate Watergate Committee proposed sweeping reforms in an attempt to prevent another Watergate scandal.

In 1985, “Live Aid”, an international rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscow and Sydney, was held to raise money for starving Africans.

In 1999, Angel Maturino Resendiz (ahn-HEHL ‘mah-tyoo-REE’-noh reh-SEHN’-deez), suspected of being the “railroad killer,” traveled to El Paso, Texas. . (Resendiz was executed in 2006.)

In 2006, Israel imposed a naval blockade against Lebanon and blew up the Beirut airport and army air bases; Hezbollah fired dozens of rockets at Israel.

In 2010, New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner died in Tampa, Florida, nine days after turning 80.

In 2013, a Sanford, Florida jury cleared neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman of all charges related to the murder of Trayvon Martin, the black teenager whose murder sparked a furious debate over racial profiling, l self-defense and equality of justice.

Ten years ago: California became the first state in the country to add gay and lesbian classes to social studies classes in public schools under a measure signed by Governor Jerry Brown. Three coordinated bombings in India’s bustling financial capital killed 26 people in the country’s worst terrorist attack since the siege of Mumbai in 2008.

Five Years Ago: With fiery emotions, President Barack Obama met privately at the White House with elected officials, law enforcement officials and members of the Black Lives Matter movement in an attempt to bring them to work together to curb violence and build confidence. Theresa May entered 10 Downing Street as the new British Prime Minister following a bittersweet exit from David Cameron, who resigned after voters rejected his call to stay in the European Union.

A year ago: California Governor Gavin Newsom ordered bars and restaurants inside to close as the coronavirus swept through the state with new ferocity; the closure also affected indoor religious services, gymnasiums, and hair and nail salons. School officials in Los Angeles and San Diego have said they will not be returning students to classrooms for the start of the new school year; New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said schools could open in areas where the coronavirus was under control. The Treasury Department said the federal government recorded the largest monthly budget deficit in history in June – $ 864 billion – as spending to tackle the coronavirus recession skyrocketed and job losses slashed tax revenues. Washington’s NFL franchise dropped the “Redskins” name and Indian Head logo under pressure from sponsors; the move follows decades of criticism that the name and logo were offensive to Native Americans. (As new names were considered, the team would be known as the Washington Football Team.) The body of former “Glee” star Naya Rivera has been found in Lake Piru. , in Southern California, five days after her disappearance while sailing with her -old son. (An autopsy confirmed that she died from accidental drowning.)

Today’s Birthdays: Johnny Gilbert (TV: “Jeopardy!”) Is 93 years old. Actor Patrick Stewart is 81 years old. Actor Harrison Ford is 79 years old.

Singer-guitarist Roger McGuinn (The Byrds) is 79 years old. Actor-comedian Cheech Marin is 75 years old. Actress Daphne Maxwell Reid is 73 years old. Actor Didi Conn is 70 years old. Actor Gil Birmingham is 68 years old. Singer Louise Mandrell is 67 years old. Rock musician Mark “The Animal” Mendoza (Twisted Sister) is 65 years old. Actor- director Cameron Crowe is 64 years old. Former tennis player Anders Jarryd is 60 years old. Comedian Tom Kenny is 59 years old. Country singer-songwriter Victoria Shaw is 59 years old. Bluegrass singer Rhonda Vincent is 59 years old. Actor Kenny Johnson is 58 years old. Roots singer-songwriter Paul Thorn is 57 years old. Country singer Neil Thrasher is 56 years old. Actor Ken Jeong is 52 years old. Singer Deborah Cox is 48 years old. Actor Ashley Scott is 44 years old. Rock musician Will Champion (Coldplay) is 43 years old. Actor Fran Kranz is 40 years old. Actor Aya Cash is 39 years old. Louis Cardinals wide receiver Yadier Molina is 39 years old. Actor Colton Haynes is 33 years old. Actor Steven R. McQueen is 33 years old. Soul singer Leon Bridges is 32 years old. Actor Hayley Erin (“General Hospital”) is 27 years old. Actor Kyle Harrison Breitkopf is 16.

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