Policies based on discrimination between religions and the plurality of nationalities in Syria and in the countries of the Middle East have caused deep divisions and successive crises from which nations have long suffered.
In the north and east of Syria, ruled by the autonomous administration, an atmosphere of tolerance reigns between the different religious and national components, and together they form an administration in which many see hope for salvation from the Syrian crisis.
In this context, sociologist Miqdad Abboud told our agency that the unity of the components within the Syrian fabric has become an unavoidable necessity, in the light of the conflicts and ruptures that occurred during the Syrian crisis at the time on the basis of betrayal and thought.
“We must unite to resume attempts to end the crisis”
The Miqdad described dialogue-based encounters among Syrians as feasible encounters that would bring the viewpoints between the components on the different cultural, political and ethnic bases of Syrian society.
And he considered that this formulation of integration is what Syrian society needs to create a consensus that establishes a unified intellectual ground while preserving diversity and difference.
In this regard, he said “without the idea of ostracism, exclusion or division, we are with the unity and security of Syrian lands, and with the preservation of all components of Syrian society with all its political and cultural ideas so that it can exercise its role in the resumption of work to seek a solution to the crisis with the participation of all”.
‘The unity of components should not be based on quotas’
While he stressed the need for the components not to be an element of the fragmentation of Syria, but rather of its unification, “we benefit from the experience of Iraq and Lebanon, they organized the political phase and the political institutions according to the components as they are, without their unity in a position of common political ideology, which makes us see that the two countries, Iraq and Lebanon, suffer from continuous problems to form the State or organize legislative elections, because there are retrograde pre-national quotas, which are quotas of sectarian sectarianism, and the modern spirit has transcended this formula of pre-national divisions”.
‘The occupation and the Ba’ath have helped to create a crack in the fabric of Syria’
In turn, Syrian writer Hassan Younes said that the most important and sensitive topic for the nation is the unification of Syrian components based on the current Syrian situation.
And he also said “I’d rather say achieve harmony and coexistence and remove sensitivities between components than use the term unification.”
Hassan drew attention to the Syria site because it is one of the most diverse countries in the world and contains more than 18 different sects, ethnicities and spiritual groups.
Decentralization is an antidote
And he said in this context “how long has the Ba’ath Party and its chauvinist vision of Arab nationalism caused the destruction of the last depth of the Syrian social fabric, and created barriers and sensitivities that did not exist and have generated a contact with the Syrians that did not exist.
At the end of his speech, Syrian writer Hassan Younes stressed that it is better to read history well and to formulate it, and he said that “decentralization is the antidote to the destroyed Syrian fabric, and gives Syrians the right to manage their affairs”. at the local phase will be like a medicine to recover the destruction that has been done by the forces from above”.