In 2022, LCRP partners continue to work together to monitor and analyze the impact of the current situation on all populations as well as the overall operating environment in Lebanon. This situation update consolidates this analysis and is used by LCRP partners at the national and field level to adapt existing interventions as needed and to put in place sector-specific mitigation and preparedness measures. .
GROWING VULNERABILITIES IN POPULATIONS
9 out of 10 Syrian refugee households lived in extreme poverty (below the minimum survival expenditure basket [SMEB])
More than half of the Lebanese population lives below the poverty line.
87% of Palestinian refugees from Syria lived below the poverty line
Nearly three-quarters (73%) of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon lived in poverty.
The effects of the political, economic and public health crises facing Lebanon and the continued impact of the Syrian crisis have increased the vulnerability of refugee and host populations supported under the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) .
People are pushed deeper into poverty due to currency depreciation, high inflation, rising prices and loss of income. The COVID-19 outbreak has exacerbated the situation by reducing vulnerable populations’ access to food, livelihoods and basic services. In 2021, gaps in supply chains (including fuel and electricity) continued to impact the operating environment of LCRP partners as they simultaneously faced increased pressure local authorities and communities to provide assistance in a context of reduced provision of public services and increased needs.
The cost of the revised Minimum Survival Food Expenditure Basket (SMEB) increased by 19% between November and December 2021, reaching 2,920,981 Lebanese pounds per household. The price of non-food SMEB5 increased by 12%, reaching LBP 1,271,439 per household (total non-food SMEB in DEC was LBP 2,362,576). The total cost of SMEB has increased by 230% since January 20216 and is now equivalent to 921% of the average monthly income of a Syrian refugee family. Almost all Syrian households live below the poverty line, with 88% now living in extreme poverty (or below the SMEB) and 91% living below the Minimum Expenditure Line (MEB).
Diminishing employment opportunities and declining incomes, coupled with soaring prices, have made purchasing basic foodstuffs and other basic goods unaffordable. This plunged 34 percent of the Lebanese population and 33 percent of refugees of other nationalities into food insecurity.
It is difficult to find and keep a job that pays enough to cover basic needs. The majority of Lebanese and Syrian households surveyed during wave XII of UNDP-ARK’s regular perception surveys on social tensions (December 2021) reported a negative impact of the recent situation (including economic deterioration and lockdowns) on employment, the most common impact being reported. such as at least one member of the household “loss of job or stoppage of work without pay” (20%), “a reduction in salary” (33%) or “a reduction in working hours” (47%).
Syrian refugees increasingly report having difficulty buying food and having to reduce food expenditure to cope with job losses and declining incomes. Almost all Syrian refugees in Lebanon now face some form of food insecurity, which is exacerbated by a lack of electricity, with households struggling to adapt to the lack of refrigeration.
Economic vulnerability has a wide range of impacts, including on the legal status of refugees, which in turn hampers freedom of movement and access to justice: only 15% of Syrian refugee families report that all of their family members aged 15 and over hold legal residence permits. during the fourth quarter of 2021 by the end of December 2021. There is a link between increased economic vulnerability and lack of residence. For example, 84% of unemployed people had no legal residence. Households with some members without legal residency were more likely to report reduced food spending, buying food on credit, and going into debt.