Lebanese Recipe – Diary – DAWN.COM

The adoption of the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism (PVE) by the United Nations General Assembly in 2016 gave impetus to the development of plans and strategies by a few countries, including Lebanon.

Lebanon’s protracted civil war (1975-1990) intensified his urge to find a path to lasting peace. Recognizing that ignoring polarization and VE can plunge the country back into civil war, the Lebanese government in 2017 began working on a National Strategy for the Prevention of Violent Extremism (NSPVE). The Prime Minister led the first of 30 consultative meetings, and in 2018 the cabinet approved the NSPVE, which consists of short, medium and long-term measures, with an elaborate monitoring and evaluation mechanism.

To prevent VE, 29 ministries have specific missions. The Ministry of Education, for example, is responsible for providing training in non-violent conflict resolution in educational institutions and for making schools hubs of non-violent actions, including engagement in work social. It develops educational programs to prevent young people from being attracted to VE; the need to renounce marginalization, ignore stereotypes and respect diversity are other priority areas.

The Ministry of Culture has been mandated to use cultural heritage and sites as platforms to renounce extremism and promote cultural diversity. The Ministry of Social Affairs should provide support to poor families through targeted programs to reduce social discontent. Ensuring food security through agricultural policies, including training smallholders in techniques to increase agricultural productivity, will also contribute to social stability.

Departments have been assigned specific CVE tasks.

Young people should be involved in decision-making processes at all levels. Strengthening their capacity to facilitate their integration into society and the labor market, including the tourism sector, is expected to attract 1.2 million visitors in the current year.

The Ministry of Human Rights has been tasked with disseminating information on human rights laws and the penalties for violating them. The fight against VE (CVE) guarantees community participation in local governance and the monitoring of the implications of urban transformations. Strengthening the capacity of municipalities to raise awareness of VE and its dangers is an innovative idea that needs to be adopted worldwide.

To prevent a drift towards VE among prisoners, particularly among juvenile delinquents, the establishment of reintegration programs in prisons and the social reintegration of released convicts is another priority area. The development of training programs for magistrates, police officers and social workers is an important corollary.

Strategic communication and social media are particularly important in CVE. Preventing hate speech, promoting dialogue and respecting diversity should be important elements of the communication strategy of the Lebanese NSPVE.

VE cannot be effectively addressed without the empowerment of women, which requires legal amendments, the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and their inclusion in policy making. Increased representation of women in the law enforcement and security sectors will help prevent VE.

Addressing issues of economic inequality faced by marginalized and disadvantaged groups and regions helps counter extremism. Connectivity also narrows the space for extremists. The construction of roads, bridges and air networks makes it possible to achieve balanced growth and bring disadvantaged areas closer to developed areas.

Developmental justice helps prevent the spread of VE narratives. Ensuring equitable access to basic amenities, i.e. electricity, gas, water and communications, builds immunity to EV.

Human displacement in conflict areas provides fertile ground for VE, and field surveys should be conducted to assess the humanitarian needs of displaced communities and the measures taken to reduce their suffering and ensure their return to their places of residence. ‘origin.

For a CVE policy or plan to be successful, it must be based on the demographic, socio-cultural, administrative, political and economic realities of that society. From the Lebanese recipe, we deduce that a diagnostic approach allowed the architects of the plan to propose an indigenous recipe.

Without empowerment of disadvantaged and marginalized groups, VE cannot be effectively addressed. Community participation in the development and implementation of any national strategy is a prerequisite which contributes to its effectiveness. Dialogue and conflict prevention are essential to the success of PVE strategies. However, no dialogue can be productive if it does not value the importance of pluralism and fundamental human rights.

Conflict-torn societies must distinguish between terrorism and extremism and understand that extremism is a curable cancer; otherwise the “War on Terror” will continue endlessly.

The writer is the author of Pakistan:In Between Extremism and Peace.
Twitter: @alibabakhel

Posted in Dawn, November 6, 2022

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