Iran and Turkey agreed on Sunday to strive for “an overall improvement in relations” at a meeting of the 15th summit of the Organization for Economic Cooperation (ECA) in Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said on Twitter that Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan also agreed to call a meeting of the high commission during Erdogan’s next visit to Tehran, the Iranian capital.
Calling relations between the two countries “historic”, Abdollahian said “it was agreed to talk about the overall improvement of relations and the removal of certain obstacles”.
President Raisi of # Iran meets his Turkish counterpart, Teyyip Erdogan on Sunday. According to the Iranian presidential office, Raisi told the head of #Turkey that “we should not leave #ISIS and #PKK threaten the security of the countries of the region â pic.twitter.com/7Lv3hcR8Jz
– Hossein Ghazanfari (@TehranDC) November 28, 2021
Raisi and Erdogan held a closed-door meeting as part of the summit.
How are Iran’s relations with other Arab states developing?
In the case of Iran, a combination of factors is altering the dynamics of Iran’s relations with some of its allied Arab militias, calling into question the national positioning of some of these militias, fueling concern in Tehran that its critics surround it and put a dent in the way Iran would like to project itself.
A report just released by the Counterterrorism Center of the US Military Academy at West Point concluded that the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) was facing “increasing difficulties in controlling local militant cells. Harsh anti-US militias struggle with the conflicting needs to de-escalate US-Iran tensions, meet their base’s demands for anti-US operations, and simultaneously develop non-kinetic political and social wings. “
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Iran’s de-escalation of tensions with the United States is a function of efforts to revive the defunct 2015 international agreement to curb Iran’s nuclear program and talks to improve relations with Saudi Arabia, even if they have not. yet to produce concrete results.
In addition, as in Lebanon, Iranian soft power in Iraq has been challenged by the growing opposition of the Iraqi public to sectarianism and Iranian-backed Shia militias which are only nominally state-controlled at best.
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Worse yet, militias including Hezbollah, the main armed group in the Arab world backed by Iran, have been identified with corrupt elites in Lebanon and Iraq. Many in Lebanon oppose Hezbollah as part of an elite that allowed the Lebanese state to collapse to protect its vested interests.
Anadolu with additional entry by GVS News Desk