48th Session of the OIC: A Collective Voice of the Muslim World


Under the theme “Partnership for Unity, Justice and Development”, the 48and The Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) summit was hosted by Pakistan on 22-23 March 2022 in Islamabad. This was the second time that Pakistan had the opportunity to host an OIC ministerial meeting in Islamabad after the extraordinary meeting of foreign ministers held last December on the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan. The OIC is the second largest intergovernmental organization with 57 member states after the United Nations (UN), it was established in 1969 and its headquarters are in Jeddah. The main objective of the OIC is to promote cooperation between Muslim states in the fields of culture, science, social cooperation and economy. Apart from this, an essential part of his work is also the protection of Islamic faith and holy places.

Representatives of 46 Islamic nations attended the OIC conference and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Ji was the special guest at the summit which highlights China’s growing role in the Muslim world. The 48and The OIC proved to be a historic session in the combined efforts of the Muslim Ummah to chart a common Islamic path forward. Although all issues relating to the Muslim Ummah remained under consideration, the main agenda of the summit revolved around discussion of the situation in Palestine, the illegally occupied Indian Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK) and the Afghanistan. Besides this, issues related to Africa and Muslims in Europe and developments in Yemen, Libya, Sudan, Somalia and Syria were also discussed during the meeting. Islamophobia, international terrorism and cooperation in the economic, cultural, social, humanitarian and scientific fields were the other subjects discussed.

Read more: OIC Contact Group takes stock of human rights violations in the IIOJK

How did the OCI fail?

It is sad to say that in the past, the OIC has failed to respond meaningfully to any crisis faced by the Muslim Ummah, be it the war crimes of the Indian Armed Forces in the IIOJK, Israel’s brutalities in Palestine, wickedness against the Rohingyans, a stateless Muslim minority in Myanmar, Israel’s 1982 invasion of Lebanon, the Iran-Iraq War, the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan and the US occupation of the Iraq, etc. Nothing has been done significantly by the OIC to contain crises or avert tragedies.

While having an abundance of natural resources and enormous potential to become the most powerful bloc in the global world order, the Muslim world faces multidimensional challenges emanating from mistrust, injustice and development. Internally, the Muslim world suffers from bad governance, corruption, bad practices, poverty, backwardness, ignorance, social injustices, unemployment, inequalities, immoral values. Sectarianism and territorial rivalry are other factors that have increased mistrust within Muslim states.

For example, two powerful Muslim Arab states, Iran and Saudi Arabia, have a belligerent policy against each other, as well as some materialistic and self-reliant leaders who have a soft corner towards India and Western countries. . Due to their biased policies, collective support for any relevant issue facing the Muslim world is not addressed with a united voice as it should be.

External challenges facing the Muslim world include Islamophobia and anti-Islamist propaganda, Kashmir, Palestine, Afghanistan and mistreatment of Muslim minorities. Therefore, the EU’s reaction to the war in Ukraine is a revelation to the Muslim world in general and to its leaders in particular who have failed to collectively maintain peace in IIOJK, Palestine, Afghanistan and elsewhere. in the Muslim world despite regional, historical, cultural and ethnic identities.

Read more: Prime Minister Khan asks OIC and China to mediate between Ukraine and Russia

What was the significance of this summit?

Therefore, the 48and The OIC summit is unique in that it collectively addressed all the pressing issues facing not only the Muslim world but the entire world. During his speech, the Pakistani prime minister urged the foreign ministers of Muslim-majority countries and China to negotiate to end Russia’s war in Ukraine. He stressed that the Ukraine crisis could have the worst consequences for the world already facing soaring oil, gas and wheat prices. To address the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan, Pakistan announced the establishment of a Humanitarian Trust Fund for Afghanistan, which will be managed by the Islamic Development Bank and financed by donations from OIC Member States, Islamic financial institutions, donors and international partners.

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir was also held on the sidelines of the 48th Session of the OIC-CFM and all states stressed the final settlement of the Jammu-Kashmir dispute. and Kashmir in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions and a UN-supervised plebiscite was essential for lasting peace and stability in South Asia.

To conclude, the reception of 48and CFM is indeed a distinct privilege for Pakistan to reiterate its commitment to transform “collective ambition” into “concrete action” and to take concrete steps to further strengthen the ties of Islamic solidarity and cooperation. Economic ties within OIC Member States would eradicate/minimize poverty, leading to human resource development in the Muslim world. A single voice on all global issues facing the Muslim world, including invasion, can be resolved or avoided by optimally utilizing the potentials as a whole. The OIC can collectively play a constructive role in resolving the crisis between the West and Islam through an informed dialogue between the different faiths.

The author is an analyst based in Islamabad and can be contacted at [email protected]. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space.

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